Country Description

General information

Official name: United Republic of Tanzania

Government: Republic  

Area: 947,300 sq. km

Capital : Dodoma( meeting place for the National Assembly). Dar es salaam is the commercial Capital.

Official languages: Kiswahili and English

Other Languages: Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), Arabic.

Population: 48,261,942 (July 2013 est.)

Religions: mainland - Christians 30%, Muslims 35%, Indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslims

Political Data

Independence day: 26 April 1964.

Tanganyika became independent on 9 December 1961 (from UN trusteeship). Zanzibar became independent on 10 December 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar on 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania on 29 October 1964

Structure of Government:

Executive: the President is both Chief of State and Head of Government. The President and the vice president are elected on the same ballot by popular vote for 5-year terms and can be eligible for a second term. The Cabinet is appointed by the President from among the members of the National Assembly.

Legislative: the unicameral Parliament is also called the National Assembly or Bunge. All members are elected by universal suffrage to serve 5-year terms.

Judicial: The Court of Appeal of the United Republic of Tanzania, the High Court of the United Republic for Mainland Tanzania and the High Court of Zanzibar are the highest jurisdictions.

The resident magistrates' courts, the Kadhi courts (for Islamic family matters), the district and primary courts are all subordinate courts.

Foreign policy: Tanzania is a State member of the ACP, AU, EADB, FAO, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, UN, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, WTO, etc.

Economic Data

GDP: 28, 247 USD billion (IMF 2012 estimate)

Main economic resources: agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); mining (diamonds, gold, and iron), salt, tobacco, etc.

Legal System

English common law

Useful Links

National: Constitution and the Government of Tanzania portal

Regional: Visit the website of the AU, EAC, SADC, etc.

Universal: United Nations Treaty Online Collection.

National Partners of African Law Library