Country Description

General information

Official name: Republic of  South Sudan

Government: Republic

Area: 644, 329 sq. km

Capital: Juba

Official language: English

Other languages: Arabic, Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk

Population: 11, 056 million

Religions: Christians (majority), Muslims and Indigenous beliefs (minority)

Political Data

Independence day: 9 July 2011 from Sudan

Structure of Government:

Executive: The President of the Republic is both Chief of State and Head of Government. The President is elected by absolute majority popular vote for a 4-year term. The Cabinet of Ministers is appointed by the President with the approval of the Parliament.

Legislative: Bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Legislative Assembly and the Council of States. Members of both houses are elected for a 4-year term.

Judicial: The Supreme Court is the highest court.

Foreign policy: South Sudan is a member of AU, UN, ICAOI, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOM, ITU, MIGA, UNTAD, UNESCO, UPU

Economic Data

GDP: 10,22 billion USD (2010 est.)

Main economic resources: oil, sorghum, corn, rice, sugar cane, etc

Major Trading Partners: China, India, Japan, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan.

Legal System

Mixed legal system of English law and customary law.

Useful Links

National: Constitution and South Sudan Government portal.

Regional: Visit the website of AU and IGAD

International: United Nations Treaty Series Online collection

National Partners of African Law Library