Country Description

General information

Official name: Republic of Sierra Leone

Government: Sierra Leone

Area : 71,740 sq km


Official  languages: English

Other languages: Mende, Temne, Krio

Population: 5,879,098 (CIA July 2015 est.)

Religions: Muslims 60%, Christians 10%,Indigenous beliefs 30%

Political Data

Independence day:  27 April 1961 from the UK

Structure of Government:

Executive power: The President is elected by popular vote for a 5-year term (no term limits). The President is both the Chief of state and Head of Government. Ministers are appointed by the President with the approval of the House of Representatives.

Legislative: Unicameral Parliament. Members serve 5-year terms.

Judicial: The highest Courts are the Superior Court of Judicature, the Court of Appeal, and the High Court of Justice. The subordinate courts are the magistrates' courts, District Appeals Courts and the local courts.

Foreign policy: Sierra Leone is a member of  ACP, AFDB, AU, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCT, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO (pending member), ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Economic Data

GDP: 12, 63 USD billion (2014 est.)

Main economic resources: diamond mining; iron ore, rutile and bauxite mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining, small commercial ship repair

Legal System

mixed legal system of English common law and customary law

Useful Links

National: Constitution and the Republic of Sierra Leone State House

Regional: African Union, ECOWAS, etc..

International: see the United Nations Treaty Online Collection

National Partners of African Law Library