Country Description

General information

Official name: Republic of Senegal

Government: Republic

Area : 196,722 sq km


Official languages: French

Other languages: Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

Population 13,975,834 (CIA est. July 2015.)

Religions: Muslims 94%), Christians 5%, Indigenous beliefs 1%

Political Data

Independence day: 4 April 1960 from France - (note - complete independence achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960)

Structure of Government:

Executive: the President is elected by popular vote for a 7-year term (eligible for a second term).

Legislative: The unicameral Parliament consists of the Council of the Nation. 1/3 of the members appointed by the President, 2/3 elected by indirect vote to serve 6-year terms. The constitution of 1996 requires that half of the Council should be renewed every 3 years. There is also the National People's Assembly whose members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms.

Judicial: The Court of Final Appeals and the Constitutional Council are the highest courts. The subordinate courts are the High Court of Justice, the Supreme Court, the Court of Auditors; courts of Appeal; Assize courts, Regional and District courts, and the Labor Court.

Foreign policy: Senegal is a member of : ACP, AFDB, AU, CD, CPLP (associate), ECOWAS, EITI (candidate country), FAO, FZ, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCT, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Economic Data

GDP: 33, 61 USD billion (2014 est.)

Main economic resources: agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, zircon, and gold mining, construction materials, ship construction and repair

Legal System

Civil law system based on French law

Useful Links

National: constitution and the Government of Senegal Portal

Regional: African Union website and the Economic Community of West African States,

International: see the United Nations Treaty Online Collection

National Partners of African Law Library