Country Description

General information

Official name: Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe

Government: Republic 

Area: 1001 km2

Capital : Sao Tome

Official language: Portuguese

Population: 198,000  (UN, 2014)

Religions: Christians, Muslims

Political Data

Independence day: 12 July 1975 from Portugal

Structure of Government:

Executive: the President is elected by popular vote for a 5-year term and can be eligible for a second term. The Prime Minister is chosen by the National Assembly and approved by the President. The Council of Ministers is appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.

Legislative: The unicameral Parliament is also called the National Assembly. All the members are elected by popular vote to serve 4-year terms.

Judicial: The Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court are the highest jurisdictions.

Foreign policy: Sao Tome and Principe is a State member of the ACP, AU, CD, CPLP, EITI (candidate country), FAO, ICAO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), Legis-PALOP, NAM, OIF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WMO, WTO (observer), etc.

Economic Data

GDP: 334,9 million USD (World Bank 2014)

Main economic resources: cocoa, light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, etc.

Legal System

English common law.

Useful Links

National: Constitution and the portal of the Government of Sao Tomé and Principe

Regional: Visit the African Union website, etc.

International: United Nations Treaty Series Online Collection.

National Partners of African Law Library