Country Description

General information

Official name: Republic of Niger

Government: Republic

Area : 1, 267 million sq. km


Official  language: French  

Other languages: Hausa, Djerma

Population: 18,045,729 (CIA July 2015 est.)

Religions: Muslim 80%, other (includes Indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%

Political Data

Independence day: 3 August 1960 from France.

Structure of Government:

Executive: The President is elected by popular vote for a 5-year term (no term limits).

Legislative: The bicameral Parliament consists of the Council of the Nation. 1/3 of the members are appointed by the President, 2/3 elected by indirect vote to serve 6-year terms.  There is also the National People's Assembly whose members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms.

Judicial: The highest courts are the Constitutional Court and the High Court of Justice. The lower courts are the Court of Cassation; Council of State; Court of Finances; various specialized tribunals and customary courts.

Foreign policy: Niger participates with the following international organisations: ACP, AFDB, AU, CD, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCT, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO.

Economic Data

GDP: 17, 94 billion USD (2014 est.)

Main economic resources: cowpeas, cotton, groundnuts, millet, sorghum, cassava, rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry, petrochemicals, food processing, wheat, etc

Legal System

mixed legal system of civil law (based on French civil law), Islamic law, and customary law

Useful Links

National: Constitution and Niger Government Portal

RegionalAU, ECOWAS

International: United Nations Treaty Online Collection

National Partners of African Law Library