Country Description

General information

Official name: Republic of Mali

Government: Republic

Area : 1,240,192 sq km

CapitalBamako

Official language: French

Other languages: Bambara (note: Mali has 13 national languages in addition to its official language)

Population: 16,955,536 (CIA July 2015 est.)

Religions: Muslim 94%, Christian 2%, Indigenous beliefs 2%. (2009 Census)

Political Data

Independence day:  22 September 1960 from France

Structure of Government:

Executive: the President is elected by popular vote for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); The President appoints the Prime Minister.

Legislative: Unicameral National Assembly; members are directly elected by absolute majority vote and serve 5-year terms

Judicial: The Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court are the highest courts. The High Court of Justice is a subordinate court.

Foreign policy:  Mali is a member of ACP, AFDB, AU, CD, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCT, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMISS, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO.

Economic Data

GDP: 27, 31 USD billion (2014 est.)

Main economic resources: gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower

note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited

Legal System

Civil law system based on the French civil law model and influenced by customary law.

Useful Links

National: Constitution and the portal of the Government of Mali

Regional: African Union, ECOWAS

International: United Nations Treaty Series Online collection

National Partners of African Law Library

www.africanlawlibrary.net/partners