Country Description

General information

Official name: Libya 

Government: Parliamentary (operates under a transitional government)

Area: 1,759,500 sq. km

Capital: Tripoli

Official languages: Arabic

Other languages: Berber

Population: 6, 002,347 million (July 2013 est.)

Religions: Muslim 97 % (virtually all Sunni); Others 3%

Political Data

Independence day: 24 December 1951 from UN trusteeship

NB: Libya is currently under political reconstruction and is governed under a temporary constitution established by the National Transitional Council.

Structure of Government:

Executive: Under the temporary constitution, The Prime Minister and the President of the Congress are elected by the National Congress.

Legislative: Unicameral Parliament known as the General National Congress

Judicial: Judicial structures are under construction as Government is in transition

Foreign policy: Libya is a member of BADEA , AMU, UA, BDEAC, IFRCS,ILO,IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, OAPEC, OIC,UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,WHO, WIPOI, WMO, WTO (observer) etc.

Economic Data

GDP: 81, 915 billion USD (IMF est.2012)

Main economic resources: crude oil, petro chemical products, aluminium, metal and steel, wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus fruits, etc.

Major Trading Partners: Italy, Germany, China, France, Spain, Turkey, Tunisia, South Korea

Legal System

Libya's post-revolution legal system is in flux and driven by state and non-state entities.

Useful Links

National: Constitution and Libyan Government portal.

Regional: Visit the website of: AU and AMU

International: United Nations Treaty Series Online collection

National Partners of African Law Library