Country Description

General information

Official name: Republic of Liberia

Government: Republic

Area : 111,369 sq. km

Capital:  Monrovia 

Official languages: English

Other languages: Some 20 ethnic group languages

Population: 4,195,666 (CIA July 2015 est.)

Religions: Christian 85%, Muslim 12%, Indigenous beliefs 6% (2008 Census)

Political Data

Independence day: 26 July 1847 from United States of America

Structure of Government:

Executive power: the President is elected by popular vote for a 6-year term (eligible for a second term).The President appoints the Cabinet and confirms the Senate.

Legislative: Bicameral National Assembly consisting of the Senate: members directly elected by simple majority vote to serve 9-year staggered terms with half the membership renewed at 3- and 6-year intervals; eligible for a second term; and the House of Representatives whose members are directly elected by simple majority vote to serve 6-year terms; eligible for a second term.

Judicial: The Supreme Court is the highest court. Judicial circuit Courts, special courts such as criminal, civil, labour traffic; magistrate and traditional or customary courts are all subordinate courts.

Foreign policy: Liberia is a member of: ACP, AFDB, AU, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICCT, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, NAM, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)

Economic Data

GDP3,691 USD billion (2014 est.)

Main economic resources: rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava, palm oil, sugarcane, bananas, sheep, goats, timber

Legal System

Mixed legal system of common law (based on Anglo-American law) and customary law

Useful Links

National: Constitution, the Executive Mansion of the Republic of Liberia, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Liberia and Legislature of Liberia

Regional: see the African Union website, the Economic Community of West African States, etc.

International: United Nations Treaty  Online collection.

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