Country Description

General information

Official name: Republic of Ghana

Government: Republic

Area : 238,533 sq km

Capital:  Accra

Official  language: English

Other languages: Asante, Ewe, Fante and others.

Population: 26, 327,649 (CIA  est. July 2013)

Religions: Christian 71%, Muslim 17%, Indigenous Beliefs 5%

Political Data

Independence day: 6 March 1957 from United Kingdom

Structure of Government:

Executive: The President is Head of State, Head of Government, and Commander in chief of the armed forces. He appoints the Vice President. The President is elected by popular vote for a 4-year term.

Legislative: Ghana has a unicameral Parliament. The President serves a 4- year term.

Judicial: The highest court is the Supreme Court. The subordinate courts are the Court of Appeal, the High Court, Circuit Court, District Court and Regional Tribunals.

Foreign policy: Ghana is a member of or has contributed towards the following international bodies: ACP, AFDB, AU, ECOWAS, EITI (compliant country), FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCT, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIF, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO.

Economic Data

GDP: 108, 3 billion USD (2014 est.)

Main economic resources: petroleum and natural gas, gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, silver, salt, limestone

Legal System

Mixed system of English common law and customary law

Useful Links

National: Constitution and the Official site of the Government of Ghana.

Regional: UA, ECOWAS

International: see the United Nations Treaty Online Collection

National Partners of African Law Library