Country Description

General information

Official name: Republic of  The Gambia

Government: Republic

Area: 11.295 sq. km

Capital: Banjul

Official languages: English

Other languages: Wolof, Mandinka

Population: 1, 883, 051 million (est.2013)

Religions: Muslim (85%), Christian and Indigenous Beliefs (15%)

Political Data

Independence day: 18 February 1965 from the UK

Structure of Government:

Executive: The President is both the Chief of State and the Head of Government. The President is elected by simple majority popular vote for a 5-year term (no term limits).

Legislative: Unicameral National Assembly. Members are elected by simple majority vote for a 5-year term.

Judicial: The Supreme Court and the High Court of Justice are the highest courts. The Special Penal Tribunal, Muslim Courts, District courts are subordinate courts.

Foreign policy: Gambia is a member of UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNOCI, WTO, UPU, WCO, FSM, OMS, OMPI, WMO, etc.

Economic Data

GDP: 917 million USD

Main economic resources: fish, clay, silica sand, titanium, pewter, zircon, groundnuts, etc.

Major Trading Partners: India, France, UK, China, Senegal, Ivory Coast, Brazil.

Legal System

Mixed legal system of common law, customary law and Islamic law.

Useful Links

National: Constitution and Gambian Government portal.

Regional: Visit the website of: AU, ECOWAS

International: United Nations Treaty Series Online collection

National Partners of African Law Library