Country Description

General information

Official name: Republic of  Gabon

Government: Republic

Area: 267,667 sq. km

Capital: Libreville

Official languages: French

Population: 1,8 million (census February 2015)

Religions: Christians (85%), Indigenous Beliefs (13%), Muslims (2%).

Political Data

Independence day: 17 August 1960 from France

Structure of Government:

Executive: The President is the Chief of State. The President is elected by simple majority popular vote for a 7-year term. The Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President, forms the government in consultation with The President.

Legislative: The bicameral Parliament consists of a Senate and a National Assembly. Senators are elected by absolute majority vote and serve a 6-year term. Deputies of the National Assembly are elected by absolute majority vote and serve a 5-year term.

Judicial: The Constitutional Court, the Court of Cassation, the Council of State and the Court of Auditors are the highest courts.

Foreign policy: Gabon is a member of UN, AU, CEMAC, FAO, IMF, OIF, OICI, UNESCO, WTO, WHO, etc.

Economic Data

GDP: 18.397 billion USD (IMF est. 2012)

Main economic resources: petroleum extraction and refining, manganese, gold, cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, etc.

Major Trading Partners: USA, China, Malaysia, France, etc.

Legal System

Civil law modeled on the French system.

Useful Links

National: Constitution and Gabonese Government portal.

Regional: Visit the website of: AU, ECCAS, CEMAC, OHADA, etc.

International: United Nations Treaty Series Online collection

National Partners of African Law Library