Official name: Republic of Eritrea
Area: 117, 600 sq. km
Capital: Asmara (Asmera)
Official languages: Tigrinya, Arabic, English
Population: 6, 233,682 million
Religions: Muslim 50% ; Coptic Christian 30% ; Roman Catholic 13% ; Protestants and others 7%
Independence day: 24 May 1993 from Ethiopia
Structure of Government:
Executive: The President is both the Chief of State and Head of government. The President is indirectly elected by the National Assembly for a 5-year term.
Legislative: Unicameral National Assembly. Members are elected by simple majority vote and serve a 5-year term.
Judicial: The Supreme Court is the highest court. Regional courts, special courts, military courts, sharia courts (for issues dealing with marriage, inheritance and family) are all subordinate courts.
Foreign policy: Eritrea is a member of ACP, Interpol, AU, UN, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, etc
GDP: 3, 092 billion USD
Main economic resources: sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, sisal, processed food, beverages, etc.
Major Trading Partners: Italy, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, China, UK, Egypt, India, Germany, South Africa, Brazil, South Korea.
Mixed legal system of civil, customary and Islamic religious law.
International: United Nations Treaty Series Online collection
National Partners of African Law Library