Official name: Democratic Republic of Congo
Area: 2,345,409 sq. km
Capital : Kinshasa
Official languages: French
Other languages: Lingala, Tshiluba, Kikongo, Swahili
Population: 69.3 million (est. 2014)
Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10%
Independence day: 30 June 1960 from Belgium
Structure of Government:
Executive: The President of the Republic is the Head of the State. The President of the Republic is directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term). The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. Ministers of State are appointed by the President.
Legislative: A bicameral Parliament consisting of two chambers: the Senate and the National Assembly. The Senate consists of members elected by Provincial Assemblies to serve 5-year terms. Deputies of the National Assembly serve 5-year terms.
Judicial: The Supreme Court of Justice and the Constitutional Court are the highest courts. The State Security Court, the Court of Appeals, the Magistrates' Courts and Customary Courts are all subordinate courts.
Foreign policy: The Democratic Republic of Congo is a state member of the ACP, AFDB, AU, GLEC, COMESA, EITI (candidate country), FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WTO, etc.
GDP: 32,96 billion USD (World Bank est. 2014)
Main economic resources: mining (copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, coltan, zinc, tin, tungsten), mineral processing, consumer products (textiles, plastics, footwear, cigarettes), metal products, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, cotton, cocoa, etc.
Civil legal system based on Belgian and tribal law
International: see United Nations Treaty Online Collection
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