Country Description

General information

Official name: Republic of  Chad

Government: Republic

Area: 1,284 ,000 sq. km

Capital: Ndjamena

Official languages: French, Arabic

Population: 12,28 million (INED 2013)

Religions: Muslims (55%), Christians and Indigenous Beliefs (45%)

Political Data

Independence day: 11 August 1960 from France

Structure of Government:

Executive: The President of the Republic is the Head of the State. The President of the Republic is elected by direct universal suffrage for a five-year term which is renewable. The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister. Government is formed by the Prime Minister with the approbation of the President. 

Legislative: The unicameral Parliament consists of a National Assembly with members who serve a 4-year term that is renewable.

Judicial: The Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court are the highest courts.

Foreign policy: Chad is a member of AU, CEMAC, ILO, IMF, IOM, OIF, UN, UNESCO, UNIDO, WHO,WTO, etc.

Economic Data

GDP: 13,4 billion USD

Main economic resources: cotton, sorghum, millet, groundnut, rice, potatoes, cassava, crude oil, etc.

Major Trading Partners: US, Japan, India.

Legal System

Mixed legal system of civil and customary law.

Useful Links

National: Constitution and  Chad Government portal.

Regional: Visit the website of AU, Economic Community of Central African States, Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa, OHADA

International: United Nations Treaty Series Online collection

National Partners of African Law Library