Official name: Republic of Algeria
Area: 2, 381, 741 sq. km
Official languages: Modern standard Arabic (Literary Arabic), Tamazight (national)
Other languages: Algerian Arabic, French, Berber
Population: 38, 087,812 (census July 2013)
Religions: Islam ( Sunni Muslims), Mozabite minority
Independence day: 5 July 1962 from France
Structure of Government:
Executive: The President of the Republic is the Head of the State and is elected by direct universal suffrage for a term of five years which is renewable. The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister to be the head of the Government. He also appoints the other members of the Government.
Legislative: Algeria has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the National People's Assembly (lower Chamber) whose members are elected for a 5-year term and the Council of the Nation whose members are elected for a term of 6 years.
Judicial: The Supreme Court, the Council of State, the High Court of justice and the Constitutional Court are the highest courts.
Foreign policy: Algeria is a member of AU, UN, AMU, OIC, IMF, ILO, WTO, UNHCR, WHO, IOM, UNIDO, G-15, etc.
GDP: 209,329 billion USD ( IMF estimate 2012)
Main economic resources: crude oil, natural gas, light industries, mines, wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives , etc
Major Trading Partners: France, China, Spain, Italy and Germany
Mixed legal system of French civil law and Islamic law
International: United Nations Treaty Online Collection
National Partners of African Law Library